Article 3417

Title of the article

FREE TEACHING SERVICE AS A “SOCIAL ELEVATOR” IN PRE-REFORM RUSSIA: THE INTRODUCTION
OF HONORARY WARDENS IN DISTRICT SCHOOLS 

Authors

Smirnov Yuriy Nikolaevich, Doctor of historical sciences, professor, head of sub-department of general history, international relations and documentation science, Samara National Research University (34 Moskovskoe highway, Samara, Russia), smirnov195503@yandex.ru

Index UDK

37.014

DOI

10.21685/2072-3024-2017-4-3

Abstract

Background. Receiving education as well as the service in educational or academic institutions provided opportunities to improve the social status in the Russian Empire. This type of service could be carried out not only as the basic activity, but also on a voluntary gratuitous basis as it was with a post of the honorary inspector of district schools. It is relevant to study such a public activity. This article is aimed to consider the Stavropol district doctor I. I. Smirnitsky as the honorary inspector and
his participation in constructing the new building for this school in 1821.
Materials and methods. Documents of St. Petersburg and Kazan archives, the legislative and other published sources are materials for our research. The concept of modernization within which school reforms are considered as cultural and social mechanisms of transformation of Russia became a theoretical basis of this article.
Results. The article reveals the ways of moral and status promotion of active representatives of the educated society, who manifested themselves in the sphere of public education as philanthropists and voluntary attendants of the school department. The incentive for their activity, as shown, was the awarding of orders and medals, promotion on the career ladder and in the structure of the nobility. The prestige of honorary inspectors of district schools during the first half and middle of the 19th century constantly was growing up.
Conclusions. The results obtained in the article show the successful development of the education in the Russian province, thanks to the interaction of the authorities and the public. The state consistently and successfully encouraged the actions of local society in the province aimed at supporting undertakings of the “enlightened absolutism”.

Key words

Russia in the first half of the19th century, the Middle Volga region, education, modernization, power and society

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References

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Дата создания: 25.04.2018 10:48
Дата обновления: 25.04.2018 11:18